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Recent Bodybuilding Articles

Cardio on Cutting

cardio on cutting

Aerobic exercise is one of the most effective ways to get rid of surplus subcutaneous fat, when an athlete needs to lose weight. Aerobic loads in bodybuilding are used when it is necessary to designate the relief of muscles, while cardio in bodybuilding has a completely different purpose than in other sports. The thing is that aerobic trainings not only burn excess fat, but also contribute to the reduction of muscle mass. Therefore, training in bodybuilding should be organized so that the reduction in muscle mass was minimal.

Cardio on cutting in bodybuilding can have different manifestations. It all depends on what kind of sport is preferred: one likes running, and others prefer to pedal bikes. But here, not every athlete can be approached, for example, running, when there are excess weight or there are problems with the back. In this case, you will have to use the services of a sports hall and work on simulators.

Unfortunately, there are sports that can severely deplete the athlete due to their intensity. Such sports include martial arts, sprints, swimming, etc. To maximize the muscle relief, aerobic workloads in bodybuilding should be little intense, but lengthy.

How much do you need to do cardio on cutting


how much cardio

In an environment where you need to get rid of excess fat, but keep muscle volumes, aerobic exercise is better alternating, with power loads. Aerobic loads will burn excess fat, and strength exercises will maintain muscle mass at the proper level. The ideal option is a pair of cardio workouts and 2-3 strength training.

As already mentioned above, aerobic loads in the cutting process should be of low intensity, but of a long duration. Experienced athletes are recommended to practice on a treadmill, stepper or on simulator for one hour and not less. The fact is that fat begins to be actively burned only after half an hour of training, so less than half an hour does not make sense, and less than an hour is ineffective.

Cardio when losing weight: the features of load


As a rule, all workouts should begin with a warm-up, otherwise you can overload the heart muscle, especially without preparation. All recommend, start training with stretch marks, then with a slow walk on the simulator, with jogging, followed by a slow increase in speed, so the load.

Important! The most important thing is to determine the optimal rate of aerobic loads. These indicators are associated not with the speed of movement, but with readings of heartbeats. In such cases, the optimal indicators are 110-130 beats per minute.

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Prolactin in Bodybuilding

The use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) requires the athletes to continuously monitor the hormonal background during the intake. Those who ignore different requirements, as a result, receive only side effects and no benefit from training. In other words, as a result of taking steroids, an athlete does not achieve the desired results, regardless of the intensity of the sport. In addition, there are serious health problems. These problems, in the first place, are connected with the balance of male and female hormones: male - testosterone and female - estradiol, progesterone and prolactin. If the first of them all have long been known, then the last two are unlikely, since information about them is not so much, even on Internet.

In this regard, it makes sense to talk about prolactin. It is a hormone of the breast, an overdose of which can lead to serious negative consequences associated with intimate life.

Why a man needs prolactin?


prolactin

Prolactin is not needed absolutely for a man, and this is understandable, since it is a purely female hormone, which is responsible for the allocation of milk in the mammary glands of a woman. As for men, it is present in the body, but in a concentration that does not affect his sexual behavior. With the increase in the level of prolactin in the blood of men, the real problems begin, connected with the attraction of a man to a woman. Moreover, everything is purely individual: for someone it is necessary to raise the level of prolactin in the body one and a half times, so that problems begin, and for someone, a very slight increase in it can affect the attitude of men and women in terms of sex.

The fact is that with an increase in the norm of prolactin in the blood of a man, his potency decreases and the libido weakens (attraction to a woman). It is encouraging that all these problems can be temporary and with the normalization of the level of prolactin in the blood, all problems immediately disappear.

But here, immediately, it is necessary to point out the psychological factor that can leave behind a very large wound that will heal for a long timee.

An increase in the level of prolactin in the blood is associated with some factors, which it makes sense to talk.

Causes of increased prolactin levels


prolactin levels

The level of prolactin in the blood of men can increase based on various causes. The first reason is the use of drugs based on AAS, and the second reason is the increase as a result of congenital or acquired anomalies in the process of vital activity. Causes that do not depend on taking AAS drugs are:

  • Diseases of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, in the form of tumors "prolactinoma".
  • Strengthening the function of the thyroid gland is hypothyroidism.
  • Painful manifestations of the kidneys.
  • Painful manifestations of the liver.
  • Autoimmune changes - arthritis, lupus erythematosus, etc.
  • Absence or deficiency of vitamin B6.
  • Constant stress, with increased levels of estradiol and progesterone.

In the case of increased prolactin levels in the blood, without the facts of taking AAS medications, you should pay attention to this list and consult a doctor. As a result, it is necessary to conduct diagnostic studies of the pituitary gland, as well as determine the level of thyroid hormones. In addition, to examine the work of the liver and kidneys, as well as to analyze the presence of vitamin B6 in the blood. In this case, do not forget about the last line of this list and analyze your life for the presence of stress. In most cases, it is stressful conditions that lead to an imbalance of hormones in the human body. The consequences of stress can be both psychological and physical. Most likely, as a result of heavy physical exertion and lack of adequate nutrition, the body experiences severe fatigue and loss of strength, which is why these problems arise. In this case, you need to urgently review the way of life and normalize your regime, getting rid of unnecessary loads that lead to fatigue. Fatigue of the whole body leads to physical stress. As for psychological stress, it can arise against the background of deteriorating relationships between a man and a woman, which can also arise as a result of increasing levels of prolactin in the blood of a man. As you can see, everything is interconnected here.

Sometimes thyroid disease, such as hypothyroidism, leads to an increase in the level of TSH (thyroid hormone), indicating its increased secretion. This leads to an increase in the level of prolactin in the blood of a man.

This phenomenon, like gynecomastia, leads to an increase in the concentration of prolactin in the blood, although the opposite effect is possible: with an increase in the level of prolactin, gynecomastia also appears. If this phenomenon is strongly pronounced, then you should consult a doctor and do the operation. It is not complex and not expensive, but it is possible to "kill two birds with one stone", simultaneously. In addition, that will improve the hormonal background, noticeably improve appearance.

Increase of prolactin level during AAS cycle


prolactin level during aas

Increasing the level of prolactin in the blood, without the practice of taking AAS drugs, is considered very rare. If we talk about athletes, then this increase is associated with a wrong intake of androgenic anabolic steroids. Some athletes ignore the doses of application that are prescribed in the instructions and increase doses, believing that this will be the means to speed up the results.

Here, the first position is reached by progestins, which possess progestogenic activity. These are such drugs as nandrolone, trenbolone, oxymetholone, boldenone. In this case, it makes no sense to talk about the mechanisms of increasing prolactin concentration, but it makes sense to pay attention to some points that somehow influence this process.

The first point relates to the fact that before each course of admission it is desirable to determine the balance of hormones in your body. If, as a result of the research, it is found that the level of prolactin is overestimated, then in no case should you take progestins.

When drugs of this group are taken, hormone levels should be monitored regularly, regardless of the dosage of the drugs.

One or two weeks after the start of the course of treatment, it is necessary to donate blood for analysis to determine the level of prolactin. If there is a tendency to increase, then you should immediately start taking cabergoline. In the pharmacy this drug is sold under the name Cabaser, Cabgolin.

This drug is taken once a week for one tablet (0.5 mg). This will help maintain a low level of prolactin in the blood throughout the course of taking the drug.

So, conclusions are implied.

How to deal with an increased level of prolactin


First, it is necessary to determine the causes of increased prolactin levels. If this is not a consequence of taking AAS (they just were not taken), then you need to see a doctor and determine the level of your health. Particular attention should be paid to the liver, kidney, thyroid, pituitary, etc., as well as to analyze their way of life and, if necessary, revise it.

With the manifestation of gynecomastia, which directly indicates an increase in the level of prolactin, it is better to consult a doctor and get rid of this ailment surgically.

When taking AAS drugs, when there is a tendency to increase the concentration of prolactin, you should immediately start taking cabergoline.

One more important point to note is the excess weight, which indicates a change in the level of estradiol. This factor also affects the level of prolactin in the blood, increasing it.

And, finally, try to avoid stressful situations and nervous overload.

Combat Sports: Lower Body Strength

combat sports

Do not neglect the importance of lower body strength. Your legs play host to the largest, most powerful muscles in your body. The legs carry you from point A to point B. The legs produce the force necessary to explode towards your opponent.

In combat, the legs, hips, trunk, and core generate the power necessary to deliver explosive kicks and punches. Much of your power originates from the lower body. When you punch, the power starts from the ground, as you violently pivot on the balls of your feet. The hips and trunk then take over, as the punch is thrown.

Leg and hip strength is also necessary for kicking. Your power originates from the legs. Powerful kicks require explosive hip action. Exercises such as lunges, step-ups, and squats offer tremendous benefits to combat athletes. Build your house on a rock solid foundation. Train the legs!

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Weightlifting: Focus Your Workouts Around the Squat and Deadlifts

squat and deadlifts

Squats and deadlifts are the most effective exercises you can do to put on muscle. They both involve the use of a lot of your muscles and are so powerful they can drive the growth of your other muscles. For example, if you started squatting your chest will get bigger as a result.

No one is sure of the mechanism involved but it probably has to do with the overall hormonal effect squats have. You see when you perform a set of squats and deadlifts your entire body is being stressed which triggers the release of testosterone and growth hormone.

Both of the exercises also require a tremendous amount of effort from your nervous system. And the more this is activated the more your body will grow. Squats and deadlifts have long been the secret of powerlifters for packing on muscle mass very quickly.

For example, one of the best powerlifting gyms in the country attributes 30- 40 lbs. of muscle added to each beginner in the first year to these exercises. You should always have one or the other in your training program to get the maximum results.

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Cinnamic Acid Improves Blood Sugar Regulation

cinnamon

Some of the simplest foods are some­times the healthiest. Cinnamon is a pop­ular kitchen spice used to flavor oat­meal, desserts, coffee and hot chocolate. It also promotes insulin metabolism and improves blood sugar control. Its active ingredient is cinnamic acid, which is also found in fruits, vegetables and flowers. Thai researchers found that adding cinnamic acid to cultured pan­creatic cells (the pancreas secretes insulin) increased insulin release by as much as 300 percent.

In humans, Swedish scientists found that includ­ing 6 grams of cinnamon in rice pud­ding reduced blood sugar and delayed emptying of the pudding from the stomach without affecting hunger. Cinnamon contains antioxi­dants called phenols that decrease inflammation and promote blood ves­sel health. Even small doses of cinna­mon were helpful. People who ate 1 gram of cinnamon per day— about a half teaspoon— for 40 days showed reduced blood sugar, triglycerides (blood fats), LDL cholesterol (the bad choles­terol), and total cholesterol. Including cinnamon in the diet might reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Bodybuilders would benefit by sprin­kling a teaspoon of cinnamon on their oatmeal at breakfast.

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Nuts: Your Cardiovascular Protection

Several studies show that nuts are potent cardiovascular defend­ers. One project that tracked 30,000 Seventh-Day Adventists examined the connection between 65 foods and the incidence of CVD among church members. Of all the foods monitored, nuts had the strongest disease-prevention effects. Com­pared to those who ate nuts less than once a week, those who ate them one to four times weekly showed a 25 percent reduced risk of cardiovascular mortality. Church members who ate nuts five or more times a week showed a 50 percent decreased risk. The protective ef­fects of nuts were about the same for men and women and persisted despite such other risk factors as blood pressure and body weight.

nuts

The Iowa Women’s Health Study, which involved 40,000 older women, confirmed the protective effects of nuts against CVD—the higher the nut intake, the greater the protection. That was significant because as women age, they lose the CVD protection that’s attributed to estrogen.

The Physicians’ Health Study found that eating nuts appears to protect against sudden death from heart disease. Doctors in the study who ate nuts at least twice a week showed a significantly reduced risk of sudden death. That’s in line with research showing that certain  fatty acids, particularly omega-3s, stabilize errant heart rhythm, the primary cause of sudden cardiac death.

Several studies show that eating walnuts can help improve blood lipids. Walnuts lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and total blood cholesterol, which is good for cardiovascular health, chiefly because they contain alpha-linoleic acid. Another study compared diets rich in either almonds or olive oil.  Like many nuts, olive oil contains monounsaturated fats and is a pri­mary ingredient in Mediterranean diets. The group on the almond-based diet, however, experienced a 16 percent drop in total cholesterol, with a 19 percent decline in LDL cholesterol. No changes occurred in the olive-oil group. Levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)—the good cholesterol—remained stable in the almond group.

The plant protein in nuts aver­ages 14 to 26 percent by weight. Nutritionists sometimes criticize plant protein because its amino acid balance is inferior to that of animal protein, such as the kind in milk and eggs. In certain respects, however, plant proteins have prop­erties that animal-based proteins don’t. The amino acid arrangement in plant proteins seems to help lower blood lipids in a way that’s not true of animal proteins. Com­parisons between casein, a milk protein, and soy bear that out, and nut protein is similar to that of soy.

peanuts

Nuts are rich in the amino acid arginine, which protects against CVD because it’s the direct dietary precursor of nitric oxide synthesis. No dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure, prevents the struc­tural changes in arteries that foster atherosclerosis and inhibit internal blood clots, the primary immediate cause of most heart attacks and strokes.

Nuts are one of the richest food sources of alpha-tocopherol, or vitamin E, a dietary antioxidant associated with helping prevent CVD. Almonds and hazelnuts are rich sources of alpha-tocopherol, while walnuts and pecans are high in gamma-tocopherol, a form of vitamin E more potent than the alpha version in preventing prostate cancer.

Folic acid, a B-complex vitamin, lowers the blood level of a poten­tially toxic by-product of amino acid metabolism called homocys-teine. Some studies suggest that as much as half of all CVD stems from elevated homocysteine, which is also linked to such other diseases as Alzheimer’s. Nuts are rich in folic acid, and peanuts have four times more of it than other nuts.

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Fiber The Forgotten Carb

Fiber is also an important component of nutrition. It is the most recognized of all carbohydrates in terms of disease prevention and general health, and it can be classified as two different types: soluble and insoluble. Insoluble fiber has merit in the realm of intestinal cleanliness and slowing down digestion through the GI tract, which allows for more thorough vitamin and nutrient absorption.

Soluble fiber, on the other hand, is invaluable for our theory of a calorie is not just a calorie. In a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine in 2000, a diet containing 50g of fiber (25 soluble, 25 insoluble) can lower cholesterol, improve glycemic control and decrease hyperinsulinemia. These findings are very important to nutrition’s emphasis on controlling the glycemic index of meals. By ingesting soluble fiber at mealtime, we can prevent spikes in the blood sugar and regulate the overall secretion of insulin.

rich fiber foods

In the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1991, natural oat fiber reduced blood glucose and insulin levels. The soluble fiber used in this study was beta-glucan. Oats and barley are good natural sources of beta-glucan and are the primary sources of carbs used in your Macrobolic MRP. In a 1994 study published in Diabetic Medicine, patients fed wheat farina with oat bran showed a marked decrease in postprandial blood glucose levels and lower overall insulin secretion.

Fiber’s impact on maintaining lower blood glucose and lower insulin levels are all conducive to increased GH levels, increased fat burning and decreased cortisol—everything your body needs to increase muscle and burn body fat.

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How Muscles Grow

Successful bodybuilders must maximize protein synthesis and minimize protein breakdown. A review of literature from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine described the processes involved in muscle hypertrophy.


Muscles increase in size in response to growth factors (testosterone, growth hormone, IGF-1), cytokines (signaling chemicals), nutrients (amino acids, carbohydrates, calories) and resistive exercise. Amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, activate signaling chemicals in muscles that turn on protein synthesis and increase muscle fiber size. Chemicals called ribosomal protein S6 kinase and the target of rapamycin (mTOR) are important cell-signaling chemicals that regulate protein synthesis. They are sensitive to small changes in cell energy levels. They work like biological computer programs to line up amino acids needed to produce new muscle tissue.

After weight training, supplementing carbohydrates and proteins activates protein-signaling chemicals that promote protein synthesis and muscle growth. Muscle tension, blood levels of amino acids (particularly leucine) and insulin are key factors triggering muscle growth. They stimulate signaling pathways inside the muscle cells that promote protein synthesis and modify muscle protein breakdown, remodeling and repair.

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Triceps Training Advices

triceps training
The triceps muscle is particularly troublesome for women, but a lot of men also need to tone the back parts of their upper arms. You use your triceps for pushing and pulling, so having strength there will not only make you look fit but also help prevent injury.

Triceps pushups. Grab a chair and sit on the edge with your hands holding onto the front of the seat, palms to the back. Stretch your legs out straight and position yourself so your back is almost touching the front of the chair. Bend your arms to slowly lower your body till your rear end almost touches the floor, and then push yourself up until your arms are straight and your elbows are locked. You can do a similar movement, lifting your bodyweight, on parallel bars. If you use parallel bars, keep your legs hanging straight down under your torso.

Triceps pushdowns. Now sit on the chair and grab it at the sides of the seat, stretching your legs out and locking your elbows. Slide your butt off the chair and lower yourself as far as you can, then push down to raise yourself back up.

Triceps extensions. Stand or sit with a dumbbell in one hand. Straighten your arm so the dumbbell is overhead. Bend your elbow so your forearm moves behind your head, inhaling as you move. Then press the dumbbell up as you exhale. You can also do this exercise with a dumbbell in each hand, raising them simultaneously. Try to keep your upper arms stationary, next to your head; don’t move anything except your forearms.

Do two to three sets of 10 to 15 reps of these exercises.

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Tomatoes: Super Food

tomatoes

When eaten in quarters or slices in salads or on sandwiches, tomatoes add a nice taste, a cool texture, and a fair amount of crunch. These tactile sensations are vitally important to a long-term eating strategy.

When eaten raw, tomatoes deliver ample amounts of fiber and vitamin C and a fair amount of vitamin A. The yellow fluid that surrounds tomato seeds is also a “mystery protectant” for your heart. The only real mystery  is that hardly anyone knows about it!

Surprisingly, the not-so-lowly tomato’s strongest claim to a magic food status is that they are even more healthy when cooked. Our preference is to cook them with garlic and extra virgin olive oil.

Cooking makes the lycopene in tomatoes more bioavailable. Lycopene is a carotenoid that helps protects against certain types of cancer and promotes heart health.

The cooking/lycopene connection has turned up in studies dealing with prostate cancer. Men who eat the most cooked tomato foods show a decrease in prostate cancer.

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Injuries Prevention: Shin Splints

Shin splints is a catch-all term for shin pain, usually caused by a slight separation between the shin muscle and the bone. You can develop shin splints from doing more exercise than your body is ready to handle or simply from introducing a new aspect to your training, such as wearing a new pair of shoes, running downhill, or running on the beach when you normally run on asphalt.

To cure shin splints, back off for a few days. When you’re free of pain, start back up gradually. Don’t increase your exercise time or distance by more than 10 percent a week . Ice helps by reducing inflammation and by dulling the pain. Also, gently but deeply massaging the area several times a day can help.

To prevent shin splints, strengthen your shin muscles so that they work more in harmony with your calves, the muscles that operate in opposition to them.

shin splints

Here’s one simple exercise: Stand on the floor or with your heels on the edge of a stair, with your weight distributed evenly over the entire length of your foot, and lift and lower your toes and the balls of your feet 20 to 30 times. Ask a trainer to show you some other shin exercises. Stretching the calf muscles  also helps prevent injury to the shin and ankle.

Also, be sure to replace your athletic shoes often so your shins don’t take a pounding from lack of cushioning. We know one guy who solved his chronic shin splint problem overnight by buying a pair of shoes with a slightly wider heel. This seemed to suit his running style; a podiatrist or sports-medicine specialist (or even a well-informed running store associate) can help you find the solution that suits your style. If all else fails, your podiatrist may make a special pair of inserts, called orthotics, to properly position your feet in your shoes.

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Health Tips: Avoid Processed Carbs

Simple carbohydrates, on the other hand, are single or double sugar molecules. They’re found in table sugar and processed foods like Pepsi and Twinkies, but they also occur naturally, like in fruit. Simple carbs, whether they’re found in a papaya or a Pop Tart, are absorbed quickly, causing the amount of sugar in your blood to skyrocket and then plunge soon after, leaving you feeling tired and hungry. But there’s a difference between the natural simple sugars found in fruit and the refined simple sugars found in candy.

When you eat that papaya, the sugar comes packaged with vitamins, minerals, water, and fiber. Also, the sweetness in fruit comes from fructose (as opposed to sucrose or glucose in other simple sugars), and fructose doesn’t cause the sort of sharp insulin spike that other simple sugars do.

processed carbs

In general, eat foods that are processed as little as possible. Choose an apple over apple juice, and whole-wheat bread over white bread. Be sure to buy bread that is actually labeled “whole wheat.” Many wheat and grain breads are mostly refined white bread colored with molasses, despite the brown wrapping that depicts wheat fields waving in the wind and names like “12- grain health nut bread.”

Read food labels carefully and find out where you’re getting most of your refined sugar. Breakfast cereals such as Kellogg’s Raisin Bran and Frosted.

Flakes are more than 42 percent sugar. Flavored yogurts are loaded with sugar, too. Be aware that sugar goes by other aliases, including corn syrup, honey, maple syrup, maltodextrin, sucrose, and other words that end in -ose.

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Main Strength Notions

strength

Limit strength: Limit strength is the maximum amount of musculoskeletal force that you can generate for one all-out effort. Commonly referred to as your maximum lift, limit strength is enhanced by training with weight that is 80-90% of your maximum, for low repetitions. Some individuals make the mistake of focusing too much effort towards improving limit strength, without consideration of explosive strength and starting strength.

Starting strength: Starting strength refers to your ability to activate as many muscle fibers as possible. You will activate fast twitch muscle fibers for explosive movements such as punching. Starting strength is best trained with ballistic lifting, using approximately 50-70% of your 1-rep maximum. Plyometrics are also excellent when training starting strength.

Explosive strength: Explosive strength is an extension of starting strength. Once the muscle fibers are activated (starting strength), your ability to keep the muscle fibers “turned on” is dependent on explosive strength. Consider the sprinter who begins a race with tremendous speed. This sprinter exhibits starting strength with his fast takeoff. If the sprinter can maintain his speed, he exhibits explosive strength. This form of strength is best trained with weights approximately 70-80% of your 1-rep maximum, along with plyometrics (complex training) and sprint drills.

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The Good Trans Fats

Man made trans fats are considered very toxic and damaging for out body health.  However, natural trans fats are created in the stomachs of ruminant animals like cattle, sheep, goats, etc. and make their way into the fat stores of the animals. Therefore, the milk fat and the fat within the meat of these animals can provide natural healthy trans fats. Natural trans fats in your diet have been thought to have some potential benefit to aid in both muscle building and fat loss efforts. However, keep in mind that the quantity of healthy trans fats in the meat and dairy of ruminant animals is greatly reduced by mass-production methods of farming and their grain and soy heavy diets. Meat and dairy from grass-fed, free-range animals always have much higher quantities of these beneficial fats.

beef

One such natural trans fat that you may have heard of is called conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and has been marketed by many weight loss companies. Keep in mind that these man-made CLA pills you see in the stores may not be the best way to get CLA in your diet. They are artificially made from plant oils, instead of the natural process that happens in ruminant animals. Once again, man-made just doesnt compare to the benefits of natural sources.

Now that all of your labels should be listing grams of trans fat, keep in mind that if a quantity of trans fat is listed on a meat or dairy product, it is most likely the natural good trans fats that weve discussed here. Otherwise, if the quantity of trans is listed on any processed foods, it is most likely the dangerous unhealthy crap from artificially hydrogenated oils, so stay away!

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Customize Your Nutrition

bodybuilding nutrition
Your nutrition is the most important part of this bodybuilding program. It is more important than training and supplements. The reason this is so is because your nutrition drives the results of the other two. If you dont have a good supply of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats your body cant recover from training or use the materials in needs to build muscle with your supplements.

There are several principles that will help you choose the correct nutrition. If you follow them you will see how easy it is to switch from being a hardgainer to an easygainer instantly. Here are the basic guidelines of the nutrition program for gaining weight fast:

  1. Find out how much body fat and lean muscle mass you have on your body right now
  2. Determine how many calories you need to take in order to grow from week to week
  3. What percentage of calories should come from protein
  4. What are the best sources of protein
  5. What percentage of calories should come from carbohydrates
  6. What are the best sources of carbohydrates
  7. What percentage of calories should come from fats
  8. What are the best sources of fats
  9. How should you divide your meals up
  10. What’s the easiest way to consume a lot of calories
  11. What to do if you dont have a strong appetite

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The 24-Hour Cleanse

It’s a good idea to begin each cleanse during the morning hours, with your first meal. The process itself couldn’t be easier: simply mix the juice of one lemon into a glass of plain, fresh (preferably distilled) water, and then drink this mixture, being sure to wait at least ten to thirty minutes before you consume anything else. Think of the solution of lemon juice and water as a liquid Brillo pad, cleaning everything it touches on its way down. Though the overall cleansing process is to be done only once a week, taking this morning drink of lemon water is something you can do every day of your life for a mild daily cleanse of your digestive system.

diet tips for weight loss

Once you have drunk the lemon water and waited the requisite ten to thirty minutes, you may consume any fruit or vegetable you like, just as long as you juice it—but be sure to juice it yourself. (Bottled or canned juices are not allowed, since the processing removes many of the valuable vitamins and minerals.)

You may also prepare a vegetable soup by boiling pure water (no salt!) and adding fresh, raw vegetables. Speaking of which, you should strive to buy the freshest, organic fruits and vegetables you can find. Organic fruits and vegetables have notably more vitamins and minerals, plus you get the added benefit of consuming food that has not been chemically treated in any way.

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Female Fitness: Bosu Ball

This weird-shaped balance board-type contraption is an acronym for both sides up. One side is flat, the other looks like an exercise ball.

bosu ball

Don't be afraid of its wobbly nature. Start with the easy option of standing on the ball side, so the flat surface is on the floor, until you feel comfortable. How do you use it?

Stand on the dome side to do squats or step-ups, or turn it over, so the domes resting on the floor, to perform press-ups or mountain climbers. 

We should use the BOSU, because it will will help improve your balance, core stability and co-ordination, plus tone your body by activating the small stabilizing muscles.

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Neck Pain Prevention

neck pain
You may not realize how useful your neck is until you can’t move it, like when the guy standing next to you asks a question, and answering him requires a three-quarter turn of your body.

Just about anything can cause neck pain — you may sleep on your neck in a funny way or spend too much time cradling the phone on your shoulder.

But neck pain is often caused by fitness activities. We’re talking about poor weight-lifting technique, such as turning your head to the side while doing a shoulder press, and poor upper-body exercise posture, such as letting your head droop forward when you walk. If you experience neck pain after a traumatic incident, such as getting beaned on the head with a soccer ball, check with your doctor immediately. Also consult a physician if you have constant or recurring neck pain.

Neck pain of the non-traumatic kind usually signals tightness in the muscles of your neck, upper back, and/or shoulders. When you press a finger into the area between your shoulder and your neck and there’s very little give or springiness, you have tight neck muscles.

One remedy: Gently stretch your neck muscles; if you feel tightness on the right side of your neck, tip your head toward your left shoulder and stretch your right arm downward. Gentle massage is also useful for freeing up knotty neck muscles. You can give yourself a massage, but somehow that isn’t as satisfying as enlisting a friend, significant other, or professional therapist.

Ice, usually an injury-friendly treatment, isn’t always the best choice for neck pain. If you’re stiff to begin with, applying ice may cause you to tense up even more. If your trouble is a stiff neck, moist heat in the form of a warm washcloth, shower massage, or whirlpool may be the way to go.

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Natural Prolactin Control

prolactin
In opposition to what we normally see with all of the other pituitary hormones, the hypothalamus predominantly suppresses prolactin release from the pituitary gland. In other words, there is usually a hypothalamic Stop that order set against the lactotroph, and prolactin is released only when the order is released.

A note of interest is that If the pituitary stalk is severed, prolactin release increases, while secretion of all the other pituitary hormones decreases dramatically due to loss of hypothalamic releasing hormones. But this is an unlikely scenario for most athletes and should obviously be avoided nonetheless.

Prolactin Molecule

The neurotransmitter Dopamine appears to act as the top dog prolactininhibiting factor. Dopamine is secreted into portal blood by the hypothalamic neurons. Next it binds to receptors on lactotrophs, and inhibits both the synthesis and release of prolactin. So chemicals and drugs that interfere with dopamine release or receptor binding also increase the release of prolactin. These are called antagonists. Drugs and chemicals that either increase, act as, or potentate dopamine are agonists.

Of course there are other chemicals in the bodys Action/Reaction Factor closet that positively regulate prolactin. The major ones are GnRH, TRH (thyroid Releasing Hormone) and VIP (Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide). By the way, hyper-stimulation of the nipples may have a stimulatory effect upon prolactin release as well. But that is one we will leave alone.

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Core Stabilization and Strength

core stabilization
Our core musculature contributes to vital functions within our bodies and enables us to perform simple to complex tasks. Without good control or stabilization and a thorough understanding of what contributes to core stabilization and strength, we can fall prey to many of modern society’s ailments.

Lower back pain is the number one patient complaint in America. Many problems and orthopedic injuries result from poor core stabilization and strength. Females appear to be at a higher risk of suffering such injuries. Jame Zachazewki shows evidence of this in a study he conducted in 1996. He discovered that women have a lack of strength in the lower abdominals and pelvic floor muscles. He explained that 47% of females age 38 and above suffer from incontinence. However, women who participated in a regular weight-training program reduced the incidence of incontinence to only 4%.

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Caffeine Increases Weightlifting Capacity

Caffeine increases endurance capacity by sparing muscle glycogen (stored carbohydrate). It also increases high intensity, short-term performance by increasing adrenaline levels and activating the central nervous system.

caffeine

Some scientists think that caffeine improves performance by reducing pain and speculate that aspirin might be an effective supplement for athletes. A Baylor University study, led by Geoffrey Hudson, showed that caffeine was more effective than aspirin in promoting muscle endurance during a high rep bench press test. Aspirin had no effect on weightlifting performance or the perception of effort or pain during exercise. Caffeine is an excellent pre-training supplement for bodybuilders. It helps provide motivation to train and provides a small boost in performance.

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Athletes Recipies: Cheesy Scrambled Eggs

cheesy scrambled eggs
Ingredients

4 spoons 4% (borden) cottage cheese, 150 grams cucumber w/peel raw, 4 large egg whites, 2 whole eggs, 1/8 cup of 2% natural reduced fat mozzarella cheese, shredded, 30 grams raw mushroom, 15 grams black oilves, 10 grams onion, scallions, 1/2 table spoons pepper , red or cayenne, 1 cup raw spinach

Preparation

Blend or beat 4 egg whites with 2 whole eggs. Add cottage cheese, salt, red papper. (I like to blend the two together, Thunderstick is good for this) I use Pam in a non stick pan (butter if you prefer). Preheat the pan, pour in the eggs, when the eggs start to cook, add chopped olives, onions, and mushrooms. Cook the eggs how you like scrambled eggs.Just before you remove the eggs, melt in the mozzarella cheese.I eat the eggs on a bed of baby spinach and sliced cucumbers.

Nutritional Structure


Calories : 356

Protein (g) : 38

Carbohydrates (g) : 12

Fat (g) : 16.5

Carb Protein Fat % Ratio: 14-44-43

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The Essence of Lunges

Lunges are wonderful for toning the whole leg, but they are not recommended if you have knee problems. In each of the versions described, you lunge by stepping with one leg and sinking down, which causes the knee of the stationary leg to bend. Switch sides to work both legs. (Some people prefer to alternate legs, while others prefer to do one set per leg and then change.) All lunges start from a standing position, and when you have done each one, return to a standing position:

♦ For the standing lunge, move your right leg straight back behind your body, flexing the right foot, and sink down. This causes your left knee to bend.

standing lunges

♦ For the diagonal lunge, move your right leg out at a 45-degree angle and sink down. This again causes the left knee to bend.

diagonal lunges

♦ For the lateral lunge, step the right knee out to the side and sink down, once again causing the left knee to bend. The important thing is to keep the left knee over the ankle.

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Another Two Importnat Roles of Sleep

Inadequate Sleep Increases Blood Pressure Sleeping less than 7-8 hours per night can ruin your health and increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and dia­betes. Poor sleep patterns impair meta­bolic health, which promotes abdominal obesity, increased insulin levels, poor blood sugar metabolism, and abnormal blood fats. The combination of these health problems is called the Metabolic Syndrome. The Cardia Sleep Study, conducted by sci­entists from the University of Chicago and Northwestern University, found that inadequate sleep increased the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure; greater than 140/90) by 37 percent. Warning signs included snoring and daytime sleepiness. Americans are getting less sleep because they are working more to make ends meet and worry­ing about economic problems. Getting enough sleep has a positive effect on your health and the risk of disease. High blood pressure is easily treated. See your doctor if you are hav­ing sleep problems.

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Sleep Promotes Athletic Performance
Athletes get more colds and flu fol­lowing intense athletic competitions or periods of heavy training. This is partly due to psychological stress and inade­quate sleep, which increases the risk of upper respiratory illnesses. Athletes can improve performance and reduce the risk of illness by getting more sleep. A Stanford University study showed that tennis players who increased nightly sleep and made up for accumulated sleep deprivation showed improvement in sprint drill times, service accuracy, and hitting depth. Athletes improved by as much as 30 percent in some of the tests. The athletes attempted to sleep 10 hours per night. Sleep is a critical element for maxi­mizing athletic perform­ance.

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Turkey Super Meat

Give thanks to those pilgrims for starting the wonderful tradition of Thanksgiving turkey. It just so happens that this health food disguised as meat is good year-round for weight control.

A four-ounce serving of roasted white meat turkey has 177 calories and dark meat has 211.

turkey meat

Sadly, many folks are still unaware of the versatility and flavor of ground turkey. Anything hamburger can do, ground turkey can do at least as well, from conventional burgers to spaghetti sauce to meat loaf.

Some ground turkey contains skin which slightly increases the fat content. If you want to keep it really lean, opt for ground breast meat. But since this has no added fat, you’ll need to add filler to make burgers or meat loaf hold together.

Four ounces of ground turkey has approximately 170 calories and nine grams of fat – about what you’d find in 2.5 teaspoons of butter or margarine. Incredibly, the same amount of regular ground beef (21% fat) has 298 calories and 23 grams of fat.

Buying turkey has become easy. It’s no longer necessary to buy a whole bird unless you want to. Ground turkey is available fresh or frozen, as are individual parts of the bird, including drumsticks, thighs, breasts and cutlets.

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Muscle Tension Promotes Protein Synthesis

Muscle tension and time under tension are critical for muscle pro­tein synthesis and increases in mus­cle mass and strength. Skeletal mus­cle is a highly-reactive tissue that increases in size in response to over­load, such as strength training, and atrophies in response to inactivity.

muscle tension

Researchers from the University of Maryland, in a review of literature, summarized the effects of muscle tension and training load on muscle protein synthesis. Mechanical loading (weight training) turns on muscle protein synthesis by activating the mTOR-signaling path­way. Muscle tension also increases the movement of amino acids into muscle cells, which form the build­ing blocks for making new muscle tissue. Muscle tension also activates muscle growth factors, such as IGF-1 to stimulate protein synthesis. Sensors in the muscle cell mem­branes detect muscle loading, which trigger chemical pathways that make new muscle protein.

Muscle tension, along with the availability of key amino acids and other nutrients and hormones, are key ingredients for promoting mus­cle growth.

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Anabolic Cycle Example 1

Anabolic steroids cycles are one of the most controversial and disputed themes among athletes and bodybuilders. The use of anabolic steroids has its positive and negative features and professional bodybuilders know how to use them to prevent the unnecessary side effects.

Nowadays there are thousands of anabolic cycle’s examples all over the world, established by professional athletes and experienced bodybuilders. As a result there are no standards and each of the multitudes of cycles we may find online or in specialized magazines have a positive effect on muscle building. One of the most efficient cycles we want to present is based on the intake of Sustanon, Testoviron Depot, Dianabol, Deca and several anti-estrogens:

Weeks 1 4
Sustanon 250 1,000mg per week
Testoviron depot 1,000mg per week
Anadrol 50 / Anapolon 50 100mg per day

Weeks 5 8
Sustanon 250 500mg per week
Testoviron depot 1,500mg per week
Dianabol / Dianoxyl 50mg per day
Deca durabolin 400mg per week

Weeks 9 12
Sustanon 250 500mg per week
Testoviron depot 250mg per week
Deca durabolan 400mg per week

Nolvadex 10mg per day all through

Proviron 50mg per day weeks 2 to 6.

Commence Clomid week 10 50mgs per day for 14 days

HCG 2 shots per week of 2500iu with the Clomid

This is one of the most big and efficient cycles and it is  and it is very androgenic. Side effects may be high, hence the use of Nolvadex throughout, and the use of Clomid commencing 14 days afterwards, and HCG before the end of the cycle. The intake of HCG gets your own testosterone levels up before any fall in androgens.

Get Your Chains

An effective training method to use is the addition of chain links to a bar. The chains hang from the bar, and as the bar is lowered, the chains gradually pile up on the ground effectively unloading the bar of the additional weight. For example, if you use 50lbs of chains per side on the bench press and that half the chains are on the floor in the bottom position and none of it are on the floor at the top you have an overload of 50lbs at the top of the range of motion. This allows you to increase resistance at the strongest portion of a lift, making you work hard through all the range of motion to complete the lift.

Chains are often associated with jumpstretch bands because they are used to increase the load during the concentric portion of the movement, as you reach stronger joint angles.

However the chains and bands differ in one very important way: the bands are actually trying to throw down the bar toward you (bench press) or throw you down (squat). So basically the bands provide an eccentric acceleration component that must be countered via muscle action.

The bands on the other hand are only added weight. The more chains are resting on the floor, the less weight is added to the bar and vice versa. However, contrary to the bands, chains don’t have that eccentric acceleration component. They simply allow you to increase the resistance during the movement.

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A Negative Side of Low Carbs Diet

low carbs diet

The huge media focus on low carb diets may have led you to believe that “the low carb lifestyle” is the proper way to get a lean, muscular physique. The truth is, carbohydrates are too important a nutrient for you to completely restrict from your diet. You will never make the gains in size and strength that you’re looking for on a low carb diet.

True, low carb diets can be effective in reducing body fat. If you have ever followed a low carb diet, odds are that you probably did lose some body fat, but you’ve probably also lost valuable muscle, or at the very least, hindered your ability to gain muscle by restricting carbohydrates. Your energy levels probably suffered as well. Here’s why:

The fundamental theory behind low carb diets is that by restricting carbohydrates, the body’s preferred source of energy, it resorts to stored body fat as an energy source. This is achieved through a process known as ketosis, in which the body breaks down triglycerides to be used as a source of energy. Ketosis is not nearly as efficient as carbohydrates are for energy or glycogen replenishment. It can also result in the body using protein (amino acids) from both food and muscle tissue (gluconeogenesis) for energy. This catabolic process is not desirable because it uses the same precious amino acids you need to build muscle and actually breaks them down instead.

Later, when protein is discussed, you will learn more about these amino acids and protein’s importance. For now, please realize that athletes need adequate protein to support training, muscle growth and recovery. So, having your body cannibalize protein for energy from the foods you eat, or even worse, your “hard earned muscle”, is a catastrophic disaster for anyone looking to improve their physique or muscular performance!

Another reason why low carb diets are not conducive to your goals of increasing lean muscle mass is because they virtually shut down insulin production. As you will soon discover, although you should avoid high insulin levels, you do want keep keep insulin stable, because it’s anabolic and helps promote muscle growth.

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Wine For Your Health

red wine

In this article we shall  make no distinction between red and white wine, except to say that red wine generally contains more tannin. Tannin possesses particular therapeutic properties; in particular, the procyanidin it contains helps prevent atherosclerosis, with the polyphenols also present in it having a protective effect on the artery walls.

It is only a short step from this statement to the assertions of many scientists, including Professor Masquelier, that wines rich in tannin contribute to some extent to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. A highly reputable medical survey, carried out in Britain in 1979 and bringing together evidence from eighteen countries, concluded that the death rate from heart attacks was lowest in populations which habitually drank wine (three to five times lower in France and Italy than in Northern European countries).

Wine can form a part of a normal diet, as long as reasonable limits are observed (about half a liter a day for a man, but only two thirds of this for a woman), and as long as it is consumed as late in the meal as possible, once the stomach is full of food.

In Phase I it is as well to stay away from wine if possible. In Phase II it can be drunk on a daily basis without affecting your weight. However, wine consumption will need to be juggled carefully with other carbohydrate intake. I am thinking in particular of chocolate and desserts in general.

While you are in Phase I, the stage where you need to be very strict with yourself, it may prove difficult to enjoy a family occasion or a meal with friends without touching a single drop of wine. If you suddenly announce you are not drinking, others may feel awkward about it.

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Keep Records of Your Workouts

workouts
This muscle-building technique should form the underlying basis for your entire workout plan. When it comes to structuring a proper approach in the gym, this is the most important overall factor, bar none.

Everyone is so obsessed with all of the specific principles in the gym (such as exercise selection, rep ranges, which days to spend in the gym, how many sets to perform etc.) that they fail to see the big picture.

Regardless of what type of approach you are taking in the gym, the underlying factor for success is progression.

Our bodies build muscle because of an adaptive response to the environment. When you go to the gym, you break down your muscle fibers by training with weights. Your body senses this as a potential threat to its survival and will react accordingly by rebuilding the damaged fibers larger and stronger in order to protect against any possible future threat.

Therefore, in order to make continual gains in muscle size and strength, you must focus on progressing in the gym from week to week in order to consistently increase the stress level.

Progression can take 2 main forms:

a) Increasing the amount of weight lifted on a specific exercise. b) Increasing the number of reps performed with a given weight on a given exercise.

If you’re able to improve on at least one of the above factors each week in the gym, your body will be given continual incentive to grow larger and stronger.

If you neglect these factors and enter the gym without a concrete plan in mind, you’ll be ignoring the very foundation of the entire muscle growth process, and your gains will surely stagnate.

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Athletes Recipies: Strawberry & Banana Oatmeal

strawberry & banana oatmeal

Ingredients

1/2 cup steel-cut oats, 1/3 cup oat bran, 3/4 cup frozen or fresh strawberries , 1 medium banana, sliced, 1.5 scoops strawberry or vanilla whey protein powder, Water, as directed, 1⁄4 teaspoon salt , Dash of cinnamon (big dash)

Preparation


In the evening, prepare the oats in the same manner as the Blueberry Oatmeal recipe. Again in the morning, bring the oats to a simmer and add the banana, salt, cinnamon, and oat bran. Keep stirring and simmer until you have the desired consistency (10 minutes or so), remove from heat, and stir-in the strawberries and protein powder.

Nutritional Structures
Calories :696
Protein (g) 50
Carbohydrates (g) 115
Fat (g) : 11

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Athletes Recipes: Tuna & Cheese Melts

tuna & cheese melts
Ingredients
6 ounce can of tuna, 1 egg white (stirred beaten), 2 tablespoons of oatmeal (USA tablespoons, UK you need 4 TS), 2 tablespoons of diced onion, 1/4 teaspoon of garlic powder, 2 teaspoons of mozzarella, some salt and pepper.

Preparation
Throw all the ingredients (except the mozzarella) into a bowl. Heat the pan, spray with non stick spray (you can use olive oil if you want). Make 2 patties by just dumping half the mixture into each pile and sort of shape it much as you want to.Cook one side until brown (not long) then turn , when the second side is nearly done, sprinkle cheese over it. (I have used plain old cheddar cheese instead of Mozzarella and it still works fine, but Mozzarella seems better. Place under grill for about 1 minute tops to melt the cheese. You can then serve with your choice of carbs, potatoes, oven-chips/fries etc or a just a good salad.

Nutritional Structure
Calories :145
Protein (g) 25.5
Carbohydrates (g) :4.5
Fat (g) : 2

The Role Taurine In Our Health

taurine
Amino acids such as glutamine, arginine and perhaps tyrosine seem to get most of the attention in sports nutrition circles. One amino acid that may be being overlooked is taurine.

Taurine is a ubiquitous non-essential amino acid found throughout the human body, similar to glutamine. It’s considered non-essential because the body can make taurine from the amino acids methionine and cysteine with the help of vitamin B6.

Taurine may be non-essential and ubiquitous in the human body, but that does mean taurine does not have some potentially interesting effects that athletes may benefit from. Although taurine is listed as being non-essential, it should probably be listed as conditionally essential, which means under certain circumstances, it becomes essential to the human body.

Much of taurine’s exact role in human biology is still being elucidated, but what has been looked at is compelling. Taurine is intimately connected with cell volume, blood pressure, insulin metabolism, the ability of muscles to contract correctly and hundreds of other functions known and yet unknown.

For example, there is a steady decline in taurine levels as we age, which may lead to a host of problems. One study that rats fed taurine at 1.5% of calories found taurine supplementation blunted age-related declines in serum IGF-1, an important anabolic hormone essential to muscle growth and protein synthesis.

Another study found that supplemental taurine in aging rats corrected the agerelated decline in the ability of the rats muscle to contract. The study suggested that an age related decline of taurine content could play a role in the alteration of electrical and contractile properties of muscles observed during aging and that supplemental taurine corrected the decline.

Another exciting area of research for taurine is its possible role in managing diabetes and improving insulin sensitivity. Several studies in both rats and humans suggest taurine can play a role in improving several indices of diabetes, such as insulin metabolism, high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, as well as others and diabetics appear to be chronically low in taurine.

For example, one study found Taurine attenuated hypertension and improved insulin sensitivity in rats made insulin resistant by a high fructose diet. Treatment with 2% taurine put in the rats drinking water prevented the blood pressure elevation and attenuated the hyperinsulinemia (high insulin levels) in fructose fed rats and prevented the large spike in glucose levels in response to an oral glucose load. The study concluded, “thus, taurine supplementation could be beneficial in circumventing metabolic alterations in insulin resistance.” Several studies have found this effect in rats fed taurine and made diabetic.

One human study looked at the ability of taurine to prevent blood platelet aggregation or “sticky” blood cells in diabetics. This is important because “sticky” blood platelets are related to the development of heart attacks and is a particular issue to diabetics. The study found that supplemental taurine made the diabetic’s blood aggregation or “stickiness” equal to that of healthy controls.

So what use does taurine have to athletes and healthy people? Well again, as is so often the case, human studies in healthy athletes are lacking, so it’s difficult or near impossible to make solid recommendations at this time. Taurine might be a great supplement to healthy athletes or it may only work in those populations who chronically lack taurine in their tissues, such as the aging, diabetics and others.

One thing is for sure, as with pretty much all amino acids, multi gram doses will probably be needed for any effect and any product that sprinkles in a few milligrams will be of little use to the buyer. It would be great if we had solid data showing some positive effects in athletes.

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